CNC turning

CNC turning

CNC turning The use of CNC-controlled lathes produces parts. These machines move the workpiece in a rotating motion while simultaneously using tools to remove material. This process is cost-effective and allows for fast material removal. Unlike CNC milling machines, the tool is constantly in action during CNC turning, without being exposed to interrupted cutting conditions. 

CNC turning is a widely used process for producing metal and plastic parts with high precision. This is because it allows for high repeatability and efficiency in the mass production of parts. Depending on the type of machining, there are various tools that can be used in CNC turning machines, such as indexable inserts, thread cutters, or drills. Additionally, it is possible to perform milling or engraving work on conventional CNC turning machines using special tools without interrupting the process with tool changes.

CNC turned parts

CNC turning

Unlike milling, where the tool moves in a rotating motion, turning rotates the object being machined around its axis. The tool, such as the cutting tool, drill, or threading tool, moves forward to create the desired shape. Precision is of great importance in this and other metal processing methods. A manually operated lathe may not meet the requirements for a larger production quantity. For this reason, many modern companies today choose to introduce CNC technology. CNC, an abbreviation for Computerized Numerical Control, refers to computer-controlled numerical devices, including modern lathes. CNC turning does not require much physical effort, as the tools themselves perform the turning motion. 

There are various types of CNC turning machines, such as horizontal or vertical turning machines. In horizontal machines, the workpiece is clamped and rotated horizontally in the machine, while in vertical machines, the workpiece is clamped vertically. There are also multi-spindle turning machines that can process multiple workpieces simultaneously, and turning-milling centers that combine both machining methods.

By programming the movements that are manually performed in conventional turning, they can be repeated as often as needed in CNC turning. This allows for high precision and repeatability, which facilitates the mass production of components. The use of feeding and removal systems can also make the processes even more efficient and productive in CNC turning.

Technical specifications of our Mazak CNC lathe:

  • Working range - chuck: Ø 250 mm 
  • Spindle diameter: Ø 40 mm 
  • Maximum turning diameter over the slide: Ø 310 mm 
  • Maximum turning diameter over the bed: Ø 500 mm 
  • Maximum turning length: 900 mm

What is a CNC lathe?

CNC Lathe services are a critical part of any modern machining operation. These machine tools are operated with Computer Numerical Control (CNC) systems and are provided with precise design instructions to produce parts with high accuracy and repeatability. At their core, CNC Lathes are used for machining parts where the material or part is clamped and rotated, and the cutting tool is mounted and moved in various axes. CNC Lathes are ideal for parts that have the same symmetry around an axis that can be chucked up radially in the spindle. They are commonly used for OD and ID operations, such as shafts and pipes. A simple CNC Lathe operates on 2-axis, and the tool is located in a fixed position at an 8 to 24 station turret. The rotating action of the part is called "turning," which is why certain types of CNC Lathes are called CNC Turning Machines. Depending on the application, the life tools (i.e. active tool) are mounted for axial or radial operational directions. These tools could be found in 3-axis CNC Lathes or CNC Turning Machines. Lathe machines with additional options such as Y-axis, sub-spindles, or specific selected options for automation are commonly called Turning Centers. These sophisticated machine tools are capable of machining complex parts that go beyond standard OD and ID turning operations and may incorporate milling, drilling, and tapping operations to complete the part in one setting. CNC Lathes are the most advanced type of lathe, as they are fast, accurate, and computer-controlled. With CNC lathes, the material being worked is slowly sheared away, resulting in a beautifully finished product or intricate part. These machines can produce complex shapes with high precision without the need for manual guidance of the cutting tools. A typical lathe is comprised of a bed, headstock, tailstock, chuck, tool turret, carriage, and a spindle for feeding purposes. A lathe spins the workpiece in a spindle while a fixed cutting tool approaches the workpiece to slice chips off of it. There are three types of CNC Lathe machines, including the turning center lathe, Swiss-style lathe, and vertical turret lathe. When choosing the right CNC lathe for your business needs, it's important to consider factors such as the material to be used, the size and complexity of the parts, the desired level of automation, and the budget. In conclusion, CNC Lathe services play an important role in modern manufacturing operations, producing parts with high accuracy and repeatability. These machines are ideal for parts that have the same symmetry around an axis and can be chucked up radially in the spindle. With the ability to produce complex shapes with high precision, CNC Lathes have revolutionized the manufacturing industry.

Precision CNC Turning - Advantages

Precision CNC Turning is a manufacturing process that involves using computer-controlled machines to create high-precision parts from raw materials. This process offers numerous advantages over traditional methods of manufacturing parts. Here are some of the benefits of Precision CNC Turning:

High Precision: The CNC Turning process is capable of producing extremely precise parts with tight tolerances. This is achieved by using advanced software to control the movements of the cutting tool and the workpiece. The result is parts that are accurate and consistent, with minimal variation from one part to the next. 

Increased Efficiency: CNC Turning machines are highly automated and can run continuously for extended periods of time. This means that production can be completed more quickly and efficiently, reducing lead times and increasing productivity. 

Versatility: CNC Turning machines can produce parts in a wide range of shapes and sizes, from simple to complex geometries. They can also work with a variety of materials, including metals, plastics, and composites. 

Cost-Effective: Although the initial investment in CNC Turning equipment can be significant, the long-term cost savings can be significant. CNC Turning machines are highly efficient, which means that they can produce parts at a lower cost per unit than traditional methods. 

Consistency: CNC Turning machines are capable of producing identical parts with minimal variation from one part to the next. This is important for applications where parts need to be interchangeable or where consistency is critical for functionality. 

Improved Safety: CNC Turning machines are designed to be safe and easy to operate. They are equipped with a range of safety features that protect operators from injury and prevent damage to the machine or the workpiece.

CNC turning applications

CNC turning is a widely used manufacturing process that involves the use of a lathe and a computer numerical control (CNC) machine to create precise and complex cylindrical parts. Here are some of the most common applications of CNC turning: Aerospace parts: CNC turning is commonly used to produce complex aerospace parts such as turbine blades, engine components, and landing gear parts. These parts require high precision and accuracy to ensure the safety and functionality of the aircraft. Automotive parts: CNC turning is used in the automotive industry to produce a wide range of parts, including engine components, transmission parts, suspension components, and steering system parts. CNC turning allows for the production of high-precision and high-quality parts that meet the strict requirements of the automotive industry. Medical equipment: CNC turning is used in the production of medical equipment such as surgical instruments, implants, and prosthetics. The high precision and accuracy of CNC turning ensure that these parts meet the exact specifications required for medical use. Electronics: CNC turning is used to produce a variety of parts for electronics devices, such as connectors, switches, and housings. The precision and accuracy of CNC turning ensure that these parts fit together perfectly and function properly. Defense industry: CNC turning is used in the production of parts for the defense industry, such as gun barrels, missile components, and other military hardware. These parts require high precision and accuracy to ensure their effectiveness and safety. Industrial machinery: CNC turning is used to produce parts for a variety of industrial machinery, including pumps, valves, and gears. These parts require high precision and accuracy to ensure the smooth and efficient operation of the machinery. Overall, CNC turning is a versatile and widely used manufacturing process that is critical to the production of many different types of parts and products in various industries. Its ability to produce high-precision and complex cylindrical parts has made it an essential component of modern manufacturing.

CNC turning

CNC turning is a manufacturing process in which a lathe machine is used to shape a rotating piece of material. The lathe is controlled by a computer program that specifies the tool movements and cutting parameters needed to achieve the desired shape.

In CNC turning, a bar of material is clamped into the lathe and rotated at high speed while a cutting tool moves along the surface of the material, removing material to create the desired shape. The cutting tool is usually made of a hard material like tungsten carbide and can be moved in multiple directions to achieve complex shapes. The tool movements are precisely controlled by the computer program, which can also adjust the speed and feed rate of the cutting tool to optimize the cutting process.

CNC turning can be used to create a wide variety of shapes and features, including cylindrical shapes, tapers, threads, grooves, and chamfers. The process is often used to create precision parts with tight tolerances and complex geometries, and can be used to work with a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, and composites.

CNC turning typically begins with a cylindrical or rod-shaped piece of material, known as a workpiece, being mounted on the machine's spindle. The spindle rotates the workpiece while a cutting tool moves along multiple axes to remove material and create the desired shape. The cutting tool is typically controlled by a computer program, which provides precise instructions for each movement and cut. This process allows for highly precise and repeatable cuts, making CNC turning an ideal method for producing complex parts with tight tolerances.

Overall, CNC turning offers many advantages over traditional manual turning, including increased accuracy, repeatability, and efficiency. By using computer-controlled tool movements, CNC turning allows for greater precision and consistency in the manufacturing process, while reducing the need for human intervention and the risk of errors.

What materials are used with turned metal parts? 

In addition to the materials mentioned earlier, CNC turning can also be used with a wide range of other materials. One such material is aluminum, which is a popular choice for precision turning due to its lightweight nature, corrosion resistance, low cost, and ease of machining. Brass and copper are also commonly used materials in CNC turning due to their high thermal and electrical conductivity, making them suitable for electrical and plumbing components. Another material that can be turned using CNC machines is titanium, which is known for its high strength, low density, and excellent corrosion resistance. This material is often used in aerospace and medical industries for components that require high strength and durability. Steel is also commonly used in CNC turning due to its strength and durability, while stainless steel is preferred for its resistance to corrosion and staining. In addition to metals, CNC turning can also be used with basic plastics such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and PVC. These materials are often used for low-cost prototypes, and products that require durability and strength, such as gears, housings, and electrical components. The possibilities are endless when it comes to CNC turning materials, and manufacturers can choose the best material to suit their specific needs and requirements.

If you need the highest precision and quality in CNC manufacturing, milling, or turning, you've come to the right place! Let us know your requirements and we'll produce the perfect part for you.